I had to reformat my PC I was developing on and found that MonoGame wouldn't compile on a clean machine. I installed VS 2017 Community Edition, MonoGame, and the DirectX package. The failure ended up being in the Content Pipeline, it was complaining it couldn't find freetype6.dll. I didn't install Visual C++ with VS, so that may also have fixed the issue. Once I installed the redistributable it worked. Not sure why that wasn't included with Windows 10, but I won't argue.
I used this version, probably should have got the one for 2017, but it worked anyway.